By the Margin of One Man's Vote Women are Guaranteed the Right to Vote
On 08-18-1920, Tennessee through its legislature became the thirty-sixth state and deciding state to ratify the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States and make it the supreme law of the land.
On 08-18-1920, 144 years after it was declared that "All MEN are equal," the word woman was inserted into the U. S. Constitution for the first time - and 50% of the adult American population was returned its dignity.
But like all such momentous changes, there were further delays by those who profited by women's continued inferiority and dependance.
It would be six more days before the governor of Tennessee signed the bill and then mailed it to Washington delaying it even further... the great day of celebration would be delayed until August 26, 1920 now celebrated as Woman's Equality Day.
American women's dreams of having a voice in their own destiny through voting was bogged down shamefully by a small group of male legislators from Tennessee.
Some Tennessee legislators went so far as to flee their state at midnight in an attempt to prevent the finalization of the vote that ratified the woman's suffrage amendment to the U. S. Constitution. The Tennessee Supreme Court had to intervene and tell the legislators to do their sworn duty (and to behave).
Revisionist historians are now trying to minimize the situation (and thus the women's movement in its entirety) by claiming woman's suffrage was a forgone conclusion.
It was not.
Had Tennessee failed to ratify, the suffrage amendment would have been dead in the water.
In fact, as with the ERA 50 years later, some states were poised to reconsider it and vote it down.
On August 18, 1920 the ratification of the 19th Amendment by Tennessee that would two-thirds of all states, an amendment that would guarantee suffrage for ALL women in the U.S. had come down to one state and to a 24-year-old man Harry Burns who had been considered a safe vote for men's continued supremacy - before his mother intervened.
He stood up at his seat in the Tennessee legislature, swallowed and voted "yeah." He would face terrible denunciations and accusations for his change of heart and in the coming days he would explain his position on the floor of the legislature. His political career was over; his constituents opposed suffrage for women.
One vote, one state.
By that unbelievably slim margin, American women finally won the vote.